The treasures of the Qing Dynasty were the cultural relics of China for thousands of years, and the value was inestimable. It for the time being, we will not mention that a campaign in the south of the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty was destroyed, including the British and French forces snatched, and the Eight -Power Allied Forces were taken away. middle. This is the treasures of the dynasties. In the Qianlong dynasty alone, this emperor loved to search antiques and calligraphy and paintings, all of which have become their own private property. In the demise of the Qing Dynasty, a condition of the abdication signed by Pu Yi at that time was to protect the private property of the emperor. The treasures are basically hidden in the palace at this time, but because the supply of two from Beiyangzheng ~ Fuyin is not timely, there is a situation of selling cultural relics in the palace, and the eunuch palace girls have stolen it. In the failure of Zhang Xun, Pu Yi transferred some of the property to Tianjin. It is said that there were seventy large boxes, which were all national treasures. In 1922, Pu Yi intends to sell Siku's book to the Japanese to raise her marriage funds. In 1924, Pu Yi was kicked out of Beijing by Feng Yuxiang. At this time, he only took away some of the portable silver, because he had already transported 70 boxes to Tianjin before, so he moved to Tianjin. At this time, most of the treasures are still placed in Beijing. Of course, Pu Yi continued to sell treasures to maintain his livelihood during this period, of which "Qingming Shanghe Tu" was sold by him. later, after September 18th, Pu Yi fled to the northeast with the remaining dozens of treasures of treasures, Ren Yu ~ Emperor. Later, Japan ~ Devil surrendered, he ran north with a small box, was caught, and the baby he took with him was also robbed. In the establishment of the New China later, Pu Yi was sent back to China by Su ~ He returned to China, and he returned 486 documents to the country. It was sold back, some were destroyed, some no longer knew the whereabouts ... of course there are still many cultural relics that have not been taken away by Pu Yi. In short, part of the country is in the country, and part of it is abroad! Where did you go? It is estimated that most of them stay in Beijing!
After the demise of the Qing Dynasty, a large number of treasures hidden in the palace had four directions: some were stolen by the eunuch palace girl in the palace, some were secretly transported out of the palace by Pu Yi, and some were burned. After staying in the palace, the Kuomintang retired from Taiwan in 49 years and took away part of the packaging. In 1913, after the Qing Emperor Xun, the National Government still gave a great preferential treatment to the royal family of the Qing Dynasty. Although Aixinjue Luo lost the world, but the door was closed, the Forbidden City was still the emperor. Moreover, the National Government allocated 4 million yuan each year to support the royal family. In addition, the private property of the emperor and the royal family was also protected. But there is a problem here without clarification: Is there so many treasures in the Forbidden City, does it belong to the emperor's private property or belongs to the country? This of so many rare treasures, naturally no one is rampant. For a long time, the eunuch's palace ladies and the court embargo guards secretly brought the treasures in the palace out of the court to sell. According to Pu Yi, "The door lock of the warehouse of the Yuqing Palace was smashed, and the rear window of the Qianqing Palace was given. "Open it", "things are getting more and more disliked, and the big diamonds I just bought are gone. In order to trace the theft, the concubine once called the head of the house to lead the head of the nine halls, and will trigger the eunuch and even move. Sentences, but no matter whether it is torture or a reward, it has not received a little effect. " of course, the treasures of the eunuchs stolen by the eunuchs are only nine cattle in the palace. The real huge loss was a fire in 1913. This Jianfu Palace was originally a place for Chu Treasures during the Qianlong period. Qianlong reigned for 60 years. Most of the life -free collection of Zhenwan collections existed in Jianfu Palace. can not say it clearly. However, when Pu Yi was about to count the treasures in Jianfu Palace, a sudden fire was suddenly burned into a white land. Later, the internal affairs government later issued a confused account, saying that the golden Buddha was burned. Sixty -five, the calligraphy and painting are 1,157, the antiques are 435 pieces, and the ancient books are tens of thousands of books. But how many treasures were destroyed, no one could say it. Later, there were more than 17,000 gold cleaned from the ashes, which shows that the treasure of treasure is huge. Later, the current situation was tight, and even Pu Yi himself joined the ranks of the treasure theft. Since 1812, Pu Yi has given a large number of treasure calligraphy and painting in the palace to his brother Pu Jie out of the palace in the name of a reward, a total of more than 1,000 pieces. Later The collection of the Forbidden City stayed in the palace. The treasures staying in the palace have moved south after the National Treasures of the Anti -Japanese War. More than 15,000 boxes of treasures were hidden in the cave in Sichuan for several years. After the Anti -Japanese War, these treasures were shipped to Nanjing. It was transported to Taiwan, and most of the rest was shipped back to the Forbidden City after liberation, and the remaining part of the Nanjing Museum was stayed in more than 2,000 boxes. As for the part that was taken out of the palace by Pu Yi, it was not so good. During the period of Tianjin, Pu Yi sold some of the royal expenses and restoration. Later, Pu Yi arrived in the pseudo -Man as an emperor, and was taken away by the Japanese. After Japan surrendered, Pu Yi was captured by the Soviet Union. The treasures in the palace were seized by the Soviets. In the end, there were only a few seals left around Pu Yi ~~~. This is the general whereabouts of the treasure in the palace after the demise of the Qing Dynasty.
In 1912, when the Emperor Puyi of the Qing Dynasty abdicated, the main private property was specially protected by the Republic of China government. It mainly includes the palace collections, Shengjing collections, Summer Palace, summer villa, and private field production. There are more than 10,000 paintings and calligraphy in all ages. Value is estimated. is still in 1912. Due to the severe international situation (starring Japan and Russia took the opportunity to make a profit), the temporary government of the Republic of China had no time to take care of it, and the palace was seriously sold out of cultural relics. The National Government bought the Qing government's cultural relics at a certain price and transported from Rehe Shengjing to Beijing. but because the national government has no money to pay the Qing government, the actual Qing government still retains these collections. The cultural relics were first taken away by the Qing Internal Affairs House. It, the Qing government changed its cultural relics everywhere in order to raise funds for daily operations. For example, in 1922, Pu Yi intends to sell "Siku Quanshu" to Japan to raise funds for marriage. In November 1924, Feng Yuxiang launched a coup. Pu Yi was forced to move out of the Forbidden City, fled to Tianjin, and settled in the concession in Japan. Strequent treasures are retained. Pu Yi takes away only jewelry and silver daily necessities, including 110,000 silver. During Tianjin, Pu Yi continued to rely on selling cultural relics for a living. In Tianjin for seven years, how much cultural relics were sold in Pu Yi, but most of them were still retained. 1945 Japanese surrender, Pu Yi took 10 boxes from 70 boxes of calligraphy and painting. After arriving in Shenyang, he was captured by the Soviet army and was robbed. In 1949, the Soviet Union had returned to China. In 1950, Pu Yi was extradited and returned to China, and the last treasure hidden in the box of the box was paid, 486 pieces.
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